Born: Abt. 1610
Died: Abt. 1682
Loc: Plymouth Colony, MA
Mother: Ursula Day
|Married: 1637 in
daughter of Andrew Hallett and Beatrix Knote
|Married 2nd: Ruth (Sargent) Winslow, widow of Jonathan Winslow|
Came to Plymouth Mass about 1635. His ancestry traces back
to Sir John Bourne, Secy of State to Queen Mary (1553-1558). This is
known because of the "chervon party per pale"
in the BOURNE Coat of Arms.
Richard, aged 24, left England, coming by way of St. Kitts &
Barbados, arriving in America Jan 1, 1634/5. He stayed with his
brother Henry in Scituate Mass. Richard was one of the earliest
settlers of Shawmee, Mass, later incorporated in 1637 as Sandwich,
Mass. (Part of Sandwich became Bourne, Mass. in 1884)
Richard Bourne had many interests but his work with the Indians is probably the most outstanding. The continued peace with the Indians was due more to his efforts than to the military forces. He learned the Indian language and began his work about 1658.
He was ordained pastor of the Indian Church at Mashpee in 1670.
Richard purchased at his own expense 16 square miles as a permanent
home for the Mashpee Indians. He translated the Lords Prayer into
the Indian language - copies are available at the Aptucxet Trading
Post near Bourne. In 1919 Indians were still living on the land
given them by Richard.
Three years later, his son, Shearjashub Bourne, succeeded where
his father had failed. The court confirmed the title of the "South
Sea Indians," as the Wampanoag were sometimes called, to the land
and said none of it could be purchased by the English without the
consent of all the Indians.
Bourne, the immigrant ancestor, came from Devonshire, England, and
was one of the earliest settlers of Shawme, now Sandwich,
Massachusetts, in 1630, and he was first representative from that
place to the house of delegates, being "a noted man" and "a good
orthographist. He brought some considerable property, in cash, from
his native land, and being acquainted with the affairs of the
present, as well as the future world, transmitted a good inheritance
in real estate to his children." He was preacher for Sandwich until
Rev. John Smith was settled there, and he then went as an apostle to
the Indians. At his own expense he bought a territory of sixteen
square miles for the home of the Marshpee or South Sea Indians, and
in 1670 he was ordained their pastor by Rev. John Cotton and Apostle
Eliot. Their next pastor was one of their tribe, Simon Popmonet.
Richard Bourne died in 1682. He married (first) Bathsheba Hallett.
He married (second) July 2, 1677, Mrs. Ruth Winslow, who died in
1713. Children by first wife: Job, born about 1639; Elisha, 1641;
Shearjashub, mentioned below; Ezra, 1648, died without issue.
Source: New England Families Genealogical and Memorial: Third Series, Volume II
The Rev. Richard Bourne died intestate before 18 Sept. 1582, the
date of his inventory.